American   Academy   f   Manual   Medicine

Home  Search  Pain referral  Trigger points  Cranial nerve  Spinal nerve  Historical  About us  Contact us  Site map 

 

Platysma
Pointer Plus

Pointer Plus

The Pointer Plus is an easy to use trigger point (TP) locator which incorporates a push button stimulation feature to immediately treat Trigger point pain.

 

The Platysma is a facial muscle.

Anatomical Attachments:

  • Origin: Attaches to the fascia of the upper pectoral and deltoid muscles and traverses along the side of the neck superiorly and medially.
  • Insertion: Attaches to the mandible at the angle of the jaw and chin, and invaginates with the Depressor labii inferioris and Depressor anguli oris.

Action: Reduces sagging and loose skin of the neck with head flexion, assists in depressing mandible, and depresses lower lip posteriorly and inferiorly.

Synergist: Sternocleidomastoid.

Nerve Supply: Cervical branch of the facial nerve (Cranial nerve VII).

Vascular supply: Supra-sternal branch of the Suprascapular; also the submental branch of the facial artery.

Travell and Simons Trigger Point Pain Referral:  

Click on a small image to view an enlarged image

 

Trigger Point Signs and Symptoms: There is a difficulty in chewing and swallowing.

Trigger Point Activating and Perpetuating Factors: Habitual frowning.

Differential Diagnosis: C2 radiculopathy, Bellís Palsy, Herpes zoster, Ramsey Huntís Syndrome, Coronary Artery Disease, Myocardial Infarction, Anxiety reaction, Trigeminal neuralgia, Parkinsonís disease, Sjogrenís disease, TMJ Dysfunction, Tetanus, Systemic infections or inflammation, Nutritional inadequacy, Metabolic imbalance, Toxicity, Side effects of medication.

 

Back to Top

 

Return to Search 

 



Home  Search  Pain referral  Trigger points  Cranial nerve  Spinal nerve  Historical  About us  Contact us  Site map 

Continuing Education © Copyright 2001, 2004, 2006. All rights reserved.